In this read, we will be looking at a step-by-step process through which latte coffee is made. Before we get into the process, let’s take a look at the meaning and ingredients of latte coffee.
What is Latte Coffee?
Latte is an Italian word meaning milk. Therefore, latte coffee, also referred to as latte or coffee latte, is an American-invented drink offering a soft and silky foam and contains espresso as the main ingredient. Latte also has other ingredients as listed below.
Latter Coffee Ingredients
To make a perfect latte coffee you will need 4 main ingredients
- Foamed milk
- Steamed milk
- Flavorings or sugar
Other items and tools you will need include;
- Coffee machine with an option for steaming
- Coffee cups
- Milk jugs
Latte Coffee-Making Process
In this section, we will discuss in detail a step-by-step procedure you can adopt to come up with a perfect latte coffee.
Step 1: Get your Milk Ready
By getting your milk ready, we mean that you can refrigerate it for like 20 minutes before steaming time. Normally, cold milk is a better choice compared to warm milk with regards to foaming. So, you will need a stainless-steel jug or frothing pitcher for this step.
Step 2: Getting the Ingredients and Other Tools Ready
First, you need to confirm if you have everything in the list above. Turn on the espresso machine and leave it on as it awaits the espresso-making process. Also, turn on the steamer that will be used for steaming milk.
Step 3: Grinding the Coffee Beans
At this point, you need to turn your coffee beans into fine grounds that will produce the freshest coffee ever. Choose coffee beans that are specifically made for espresso pulling, as indicated on the package.
The machine consists of a grinder with different types of teeth; your choice of teeth is determined by how fine you want your grounds to be.
The portafilter if put in a good position, preferably within the prongs, will ensure it remains in place and that the desired grounds fineness is achieved. Read from the weighing scale within the machine to obtain approximately 18 grams of coffee.
Step 4: Tamping the Grounds
Tamping means packing in the fine grounds within the portafilter using a tamper which is a small weigh tool with a handle. After removing the portafilter from the grinder, use the tamper to pack in the grounds by applying slight pressures followed by slight twists.
You need to tamp your grounds to make them more compact and also allow the portafilter go in and out of the machine with ease. Another reason for tamping is to enable consistent contact with water when coffee is made.
Step 5: Obtaining the Espresso
For this step, you will need your espresso machine. After tamping your grounds and making it even within the portafilter, you now need to insert and lock the portafilter into the espresso machine.
Depending the type of machine, a switch or a push on a button will lead into the release of fresh coffee. You need to place an espresso cup right beneath the portafilter before you pull the shot.
After pulling the shot and obtaining your coffee, transfer it into a coffee cup as you move to the next step.
Step 6: Steaming the Milk
This is the point where you get your milk from the refrigerator; it is cold enough for steaming to create perfect foams. Use a froth assistor to obtain the foamed milk by dipping it down inside the frothing pitcher and turning on the steamer. Using a thermometer, ensure that the milk temperature doesn’t go beyond 1400 F.
Step 7: Making the Latte Coffee
At this point, both the foamed/steamed milk and espresso are ready. All you need to do is add latte into your coffee to make a perfect latte coffee. First add espresso into the coffee cup followed by the frothed milk. You can also add sugar or any other flavoring of your choice.
Step 8: Making the Top Layer
Using the left-over bubbles of the frothed milk, make the top foamy layer of the latte coffee by spooning or pouring them on top.
Latte coffee is almost similar to cappuccino, the only difference is that latte coffee contains more milk. Most restaurants around the world now serve latte coffee to their customers. However, you can also make it at home with the right machines. Latte coffee can be prepared using dairy or dairy-free milk like oat or soy milk which offer almost equal frothing abilities.